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Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Map Reveals Birthplaces of High-Energy Particles: Study

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الضاوي سات

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Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Map Reveals Birthplaces of High-Energy Particles: Study


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In a new archive aggregate by researchers, nine sources of acutely high-energy gamma application accept been identified. All nine sources aftermath gamma application with energies over 56 abundance electron volts (TeV) -- added than eight times the activity of the a lot of able proton beams produced at atom accelerators on Earth -- and three afford gamma application extending to 100 TeV and beyond, authoritative these the highest-energy sources anytime empiric in our galaxy. The archive helps to explain area the particles arise and how they are produced with such acute energies.
The archive was aggregate by advisers with the High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory, including nine University of Maryland physicists. "The very-high-energy gamma application we ascertain are produced by interactions of even college activity answerable particles abreast their source," said Jordan Goodman, a Distinguished University Professor of Physics at UMD and US advance investigator and agent for the HAWC collaboration.
"Charged particles are angled in the alluring fields of our galaxy and don't point aback to their origin. Gamma rays, like light, biking in beeline curve acceptance us to use them to map the sources of the high-energy emission. HAWC, which is a advanced field-of-view instrument, angle the aerial sky 24/7 giving us a abysmal acknowledgment to attending for the attenuate top activity gamma-ray events," Goodman added.


The archive of high-energy sources was accustomed for advertisement in the account Physical Review Letters. Higher-energy astrophysical particles accept ahead been detected, but this is the aboriginal time specific galactic sources accept been pinpointed for such high-energy particles. All of the sources accept acutely active pulsars nearby. The amount of sources detected may announce that ultra-high-energy discharge is a all-encompassing affection of able atom apprehension advancing from pulsars anchored in interstellar gas clouds accepted as nebulae and that added detections will be forthcoming.
The HAWC Gamma-Ray Observatory consists of an arrangement of water-filled tanks sitting top on the slopes of the Sierra Negra abundance in Puebla, Mexico, area the atmosphere is attenuate and offers bigger altitude for celebratory gamma rays.
When gamma application bang molecules in the atmosphere they aftermath showers of active particles. Nothing can biking faster than the acceleration of ablaze in a vacuum, but in water, ablaze moves a little slower. As a result, some particles in catholic ray showers biking faster than ablaze in the baptize central the HAWC detector tanks. The faster-than-light particles, in turn, aftermath appropriate flashes of ablaze alleged Cherenkov radiation. Using recordings of the Cherenkov flashes in the HAWC baptize tanks, advisers reconstruct the sources of atom showers and apprentice about the particles that acquired them.


The HAWC collaborators plan to abide analytic for the sources of high-energy catholic rays. By accumulation their abstracts with abstracts from added types of observatories, such as neutrino, X-ray, radio and optical telescopes, they achievement to annotate the astrophysical mechanisms that aftermath the catholic application that continuously rain down on our planet.
According to Kelly Malone, an astrophysicist in the Neutron Science and Technology accumulation at Los Alamos National Laboratory and a affiliate of the HAWC accurate collaboration, "There are still abounding changing questions about cosmic-ray origins and acceleration."


"High activity gamma application are produced abreast cosmic-ray sites and can be acclimated to delving cosmic-ray acceleration. However, there is some ambiguity in application gamma application to abstraction this, as high-energy gamma application can aswell be produced via added mechanisms, such as lower-energy photons drop off of electrons, which frequently occurs abreast pulsars," added Malone.

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Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Map Reveals Birthplaces of High-Energy Particles: Study
رد : Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Map Reveals Birthplaces of High-Energy Particles: Study

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محمد طاهر الحاج

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Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Map Reveals Birthplaces of High-Energy Particles: Study
رد: Galactic Gamma-Ray Source Map Reveals Birthplaces of High-Energy Particles: Study

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